Preparing for Your Upcoming Stack Test

Source Emissions testing, or stack testing, is mandated by the Clean Air Act of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which sets forth guidelines and requirements that must be met to determine a facility’s compliance with emission limits.  Any and all plants, factories, and facilities that utilize a stack as part of manufacturing or production operations are required to undergo stack testing in order to demonstrate compliance with current EPA standards.  There is more to stack testing than simple compliance, however.  A properly-executed testing plan gives you the diagnostic tools to help optimize your operations and improve energy efficiency — quality incentives for voluntary stack testing that is not simply driven by EPA requirements.  With careful preparation for stack-testing compliance and the proper execution of the test plan, a company can save money, protect workers, and effectively streamline their operations.

As a company prepares their facility for an upcoming stack test, reviewing the state-approved test plan is the best way to ensure that you understand all of the testing requirements.  Doing so is your greatest insurance that the stack testing results will show proper compliance with all relevant EPA air emission standards.  However, in many cases technical or legal jargon may make a portion or the entirety of the test plan difficult to understand, and it may not contain all of the required information necessary to conduct a successful test.  To assist you with this, we have put together the following Stack Testing Preparation Checklist to help you make sure that your company is properly prepared for your upcoming testing.  All items on this checklist should be reviewed with your qualified stack-testing team.

  1. What Load you will test at – This information is typically in your air permit, and/or determined by applicable federal/state  regulations.
  2. What Fuel you will burn – Different fuel types can have vastly different emission limits
  3. OSHA compliant platforms – How will the stack test team reach the sampling plane?
  4. Power Requirements – Do you have enough circuits?
  5. Safety/Insurance Concerns- What are your facility requirements?  Does your stack test company meet these requirements?
  6. Are your Test Ports free from blockage and EPA Method 1 Compliant?
  7. What Process Data are you required to document, and how will that data be logged?

Here at Environmental Source Samplers Inc., we’re familiar with the pitfalls a company can experience when faced with an upcoming test.  Advance preparation, with these guidelines in mind, will provide your company the ability to address any issues or questions prior to the stack testing date. Saving your company the time, hassle, and money that late revisions and changes inevitably cause.  These guidelines are also helpful in maintaining high levels of safety and compliance regardless of having a scheduled stack test or not, benefitting the overall operations and their environmental impact.

Choosing a stack testing company that has the appropriate background and experience for your industry will help ensure that your stack test will be successful.  The stack testing company should have the capability to execute the testing types and methodologies that govern your specific operations, while using equipment that is well-maintained and up-to-date.  Just as importantly, they should be current and informed on the changes and revisions to existing testing methodologies, since the EPA air emission limits and standards are subject to change as the Agency sees fit.

Stack testing is required and performed for the health and safety of the plant, the workers, and the environment.   It is also a diagnostic tool that provides insight into the efficiency of your operations.  However, whether you are testing for compliance or diagnostic purposes, careful preparation is the key to ensuring that your stack testing project gives you the data that you can use effectively.

Please contact the experts at Environmental Source Samplers (ESS) to learn more about their stack testing services:

Phone: 910-799-1055
Email: [email protected]
Website: www.ESSKnowsAir.com

Submitting Protocols and Reports Via the Electronic Reporting Tool (ERT)

Successful emissions compliance testing projects include the submittal of a test plan or test protocol for approval prior to testing and the submittal of the final test report, at the conclusion of testing, to the regulatory agency responsible for approving the test. The regulatory agency can be the local, state, or federal government environmental department.

Stack Testing for Air Quality ControlIn the past — and still current in many cases — this submittal has been the delivery of hard copies of the report to the state or federal agency. Now the increasing trendis the submittal of digital test data over the internet, utilizing the Electronic Reporting Tool, or ERT.

The ERT is used to electronically create and submit stationary source sampling test plans to regulatory agencies and, after approval, to calculate and submit the test results as an electronic report to the regulatory agency. It is intended to replace the manual preparation and transcription of test plans and reports currently performed by stack testing contractors for emissions sources, as well as the manual quality assurance evaluations and documentation performed by state agencies.

It is the EPA’s hope that the ERT will improve the content and quality of source emissions test reports, reduce the workload associated with manual transcription of information and data contained in the report, reduce the resources required to store and access the reports, and reduce redundant efforts in using the data for multiple purposes.

It needs to be noted that at this time no state agencies have formally adopted this method of accepting test protocols and test reports, so for state air permit requirements, test plans and test reports are still submitted in hard copy. However, for tests that are determined by Federal requirements, such as the many MACT regulations, it is a technical requirement that test data must be submitted via the ERT. As the federal agencies continue to push towards ERT submittal, there may be a period of time where both digital and hard copy submittal are required, but it is expected that the ERT will eventually be the required method of protocol and test report.  A full list of the various EPA regulations that require ERT submittal is provided below.

It is highly recommended that your facility designates a person or contracted testing company to familiarize themselves with the ERT format, structure, and requirements, particularly if your facility is or will be affected by the Federal regulations. ESS personnel are trained to prepare protocols and test plans in the format required for submittal via the  ERT, as well as any required hard copies, in order to meet all regulations for compliance demonstration.

Currently, the EPA requires ERT reporting for compliance tests falling under the following rules:

Promulgated Regulations with Electronic Data Reporting Requirements*

Source Category Code of Federal Regulations Reference
40 CFR Part 60 40 CFR Part 63
Chromium Electroplating (Hard and Decorative) and Chromium Anodizing Tanks   Subpart N
Coal Preparation and Processing Plants Subpart Y
Commercial Industrial Solid Waste Incinerators Subpart CCCC and DDDD
Electric Utility Steam Generating Units Subpart Da Subpart UUUUU
Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production Subpart III
Gold Mines Subpart EEEEEEE
Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Source Subpart JJJJJJ
Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Major Source Subpart DDDDD
Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units Subpart Db Subpart UUUUU
Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units, Small Subpart Dc Subpart UUUUU
Marine Tank Vessel Loading Operations Subpart Y
Nitric Acid Plants Subpart Ga
Oil and Natural Gas Production Subpart OOOO Subpart HH and HHH
Pesticide and Active Ingredient Production Subpart MMM
Pharmaceuticals Production Subpart GGG
Polyether Polyols Production Subpart PPP
Polymers and Resins Group I Subpart U
Polymers and Resins Group IV Subpart JJJ
Polyvinyl Chloride and Copolymers Production Subpart HHHHHHH
Portland Cement Subpart F Subpart LLL
Printing and Publishing Industry Subpart KK
Pulp and Paper Industry Subpart S
RICE Subpart IIII and JJJJ Subpart ZZZZ
Secondary Lead Smelting Subpart X
Sewage Sludge Incinerators Subpart LLLL and MMMM
Steel Pickling– HCl Process Facilities and Hydrochloric Acid Regeneration Plants Subpart CCC
*EPA requirements subject to change.  See http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/ert/ert_rules.html for the most up-to-date list

 

Compliance Stack Testing and Audit Sample Requirements

Audit Samples for Compliance TestingOn June 16th of 2013, the EPA moved forward with one phase of their Stationary Source Audit Sample Program. The program will require audit samples to be required for specific source tests, if those tests are to be used for the demonstration of compliance with emission limits or federal standards.

An audit sample, the composition of which is unknown to the Stationary Source Tester and Laboratory, is used during a particular test event to evaluate whether the Stationary Source Tester and/or Analytical Laboratory can produce measurement results within specified acceptance criteria. Audit samples are not analyzed on a regular schedule; rather, they are analyzed only during the particular event (e.g., a compliance test) that is being audited. Audit samples are analyzed, or collected and analyzed, as part of the batch of field test samples using the same personnel, procedures, and materials.

At this time, audits are only available for particular pollutants by EPA Methods. The list of current available/required audits is provided in the table below. Other methods that will have audits, but are still unavailable and thus not required, are:

  • Dioxins/Furans by Method 23
  • Non Methane Organic Compounds by Method 25
  • Methylene Chloride by Method 315

The EPA restructured program requires that two accredited providers be available, and audit samples must be available and listed on the provider website for 60 days before audits are required to be utilized with compliance tests.

Table – Currently Required Audit Samples for Compliance Testing

Analyte

EPA Method

NELAC Analyte Code

Inorganics in Impinger Solution

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)

Methods 6 and 8

4010

Sulfuric Acid Mist (H2SO4)

Method 8

4020

Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx)

Method 7

3885

Fluoride (F)

Methods 13a, 13b

1730

Hydrogen Chloride (HCl)

Methods 26, 26a

1770

Hydrogen Fluoride (HF)

Methods 26, 26a

1775

Metals on Glass/Quartz Fiber Filters and in Impinger Solution

Antimony (Sb)

EPA Method 29

1005

Arsenic (As)

EPA Method 29

1010

Barium (Ba)

EPA Method 29

1015

Beryllium (Be)

EPA Method 29

1020

Cadmium (Cd)

EPA Method 29

1030

Chromium (Cr)

EPA Method 29

1040

Cobalt (Co)

EPA Method 29

1050

Copper (Cu)

EPA Method 29

1055

Lead (Pb)

EPA Method 29

1075

Manganese (Mn)

EPA Method 29

1090

Nickel (Ni)

EPA Method 29

1105

Selenium (Se)

EPA Method 29

1140

Silver (Ag)

EPA Method 29

1150

Thallium (Tl)

EPA Method 29

1165

Zinc (Zn)

EPA Method 29

1190

Mercury (Hg)

EPA Method 29

1095

Lead (Alt. Method)

EPA Method 12

1075

 

Note that in the case of the criteria gases NOx and SO2, compliance audits are only necessary for the wet chemistry methods 6, 7, and 8. Testing utilizing continuous emissions monitors (CEMS) by Methods 7e and 6c do not require audit samples.

Audit samples add a variable cost to the sampling activities, depending on how many samples under what methods are required, and take 4 – 6 weeks to prepare. It is advised to begin preparations as much as two months before doing any required testing, in the same period of time that test plans or test protocols are drafted and submitted to state or federal regulators.

An audit sample has to be prepared specific to the source being tested. In order to prepare the audit, the preparatory lab would need the following information for the source.

  • Analyte/pollutant being measured.
  • Emission limit (lb/hr)
  • Estimated in-stack gas concentration (mg/dscm)
  • Stack flow rate (dscfm)
  • The sampling rate (m3/hr)
  • Length of the sampling run (hr)

The audit sample must be present on-site during the conduct of the compliance test, and the sample must be included and analyzed by the analytical laboratory in the same batch and the same manner as the samples collected from the actual compliance testing. Failure to provide for those factors may delay regulatory acceptance of the compliance test, or cause the test report to be rejected.

In all compliance testing, an experienced partner is crucial to ensuring results acceptable to the regulators. A qualified stack testing firm such as ESS can include the organization, procurement, and analysis of audit samples in the scope of the testing project, leading to less headaches, and a compliance test for your facility that is accurate and follows all necessary protocols and procedures.

Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS) was founded in 1979 and has been conducting point source, ambient and industrial hygiene air quality testing and consulting. ESS utilizes modern and consistently maintained equipment to conduct its testing services world-wide. They are qualified to conduct a wide range of air testing methodologies in almost any environment – and for almost any industry. ESS clients have easy access to the reliable and accurate reporting of test results through a secure online client portal. accessible at their main website, www.essknowsair.com.

If you have a compliance demonstration required for your facility, give ESS a call today: 910-799-1055.

For more information about the EPA required audit samples for source tests, visit the NELAC Stationary Source Audit Sample Program site at the following link: http://www.nelac-institute.org/ssas/.

 

ESS Secures RATA and Performance Testing Projects in Philippines

Air Emissions Testing PhilippinesHanoi, Vietnam: Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS) continues growth in the Asian market with recent relative accuracy test audit (RATA) and air emissions test programs for clients in the Philippines region. ESS most recently secured 2013 annual contracts for emissions testing and RATA sampling for Taheiyo Cement’s San Fernando Plant and Shell’s Batangas Refinery.

The sampling at Shell Batangas Refinery will include the conduct of three (3) RATAs at multiple sources for the evaluation of oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO).

The sampling at Taheiyo San Fernando Cement Plant includes the measurement of dioxins/furans (TCDD/TCDF), hydrogen chloride (HCl), and particulate (PM) for performance testing purposes.

As ESS’s work has grown in the Asian market, it has been ever important to maintain staff and a local presence in these markets. In January 2013, ESS opened an Asian headquarters in Hanoi, Vietnam. In early February, ESS signed an agreement with Berkman Systems, the most established Philippines environmental consulting firm, to partner in specialty air quality consulting projects.

This partnership allowed ESS to combine its presence with Berkman’s operations in Metro Manila, Cebu and Davao, and to provide cost effective solutions and superior technical support for clients’ consulting and air testing needs.

Mark Looney, President of ESS, stated: “. . . with the combined technical strengths of ESS and Berkman, we have created a dominant partnership in the Philippines. ESS is proud of our growing list of clients and our ongoing relationship with Berkman.”

Founded in 1979, ESS has been conducting point source, ambient and industrial hygiene air quality testing and consulting. ESS utilizes modern and consistently maintained equipment to conduct its testing services world-wide. They are qualified to conduct a wide range of air testing methodologies in almost any environment – and for almost any industry.

ESS clients have easy access to the reliable and accurate reporting of test results through a secure online client portal. ESS maintains its competitive advantage by continuing to build on international experiences, developing offices in strategic markets and assuring client satisfaction on every project. The ESS network of reputable vendors and service providers enables us to drive all our projects to on-time and on-budget completion.

To learn more, visit www.essknowsair.com (available in both English and Vietnamese) or call directly at (800) 245-3778. 

 

Related Posts:
ESS Asia Attends PCAPI Convention, Philippines
ESS Establishes and Staffs Office in Hanoi, Vietnam
International Stack Testing – Challenges and Solutions

ESS in the Philippines

Environmental Source Samplers to Open Office in Asia in 2013

Environmental Source Samplers, Inc.Air quality consulting firm Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS) announced that it will be opening an office in Vietnam in 2013, to capitalize on growing demand for emissions testing and environmental consulting within the Southeast Asian region.

Headquartered in Wilmington, North Carolina, ESS has been a leader in international Air Quality projects, mobilizing globally to Hungary, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Hong Kong within the last 14 months. The projects included air-monitoring and emissions testing for World Bank and local environmental requirements, process improvement, and vendor guarantees. Past international mobilizations have included other points in Europe, Central America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Region, including a decommissioned munitions base in Johnston Atoll, and Relative Accuracy Test Audit (RATA) sampling in the Philippines.

The decision to open an office in Asia was made after developing relationships with the Public Sector Liason Officers for the World Bank, and Air-Quality conferences and missions in Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Indonesia. The events allowed ESS to gain an insider’s view into the region’s air-quality needs and priorities, and ESS management determined that there was both a sustainable market for air-quality analysis, and existing market conditions that would allow ESS to leverage its expertise in international project management and state of the art methodologies, in order to compete effectively.  (See: ESS Attends World Bank Mission to Indonesia and Vietnam.)

The regional office will allow ESS to pair international expertise with local responsiveness in meeting the region’s air-quality needs. ESS will utilize its staff of experienced, QSTI-certified project managers, along with regional technicians to assist. This strategy will lead to cost savings in labor, equipment, and shipping prices, while not sacrificing the quality of project execution and client deliverables. This will also enable ESS to provide much-needed knowledge transfer of emissions testing and monitoring methodologies to regional employees, enabling them to better serve their own communities as their countries and economies continue to develop.

ESS is excited by the upcoming opportunities and challenges the new office will bring in 2013, and expects to have another successful year, both internationally and with their established domestic clients in the United States.

Related Post:

International Stack Testing – Challenges and Solutions

ESS Attends World Bank Mission to Indonesia and Vietnam

Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS) president Mark Looney (pictured at left) recently attended a trade mission to Indonesia and Vietnam, from October 16th to the 26th, 2012. The mission, organized by the World Bank’s Private Sector Liaison Officers, offered the chance for an international delegation of companies to meet with representatives from the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Millennium Challenge Corporation and the Governments of the two countries. The program presented a unique opportunity for ESS and other companies in attendance to learn first-hand about the business environment in Indonesia and Vietnam, as well as projects financed by the International Finance Institutions (IFIs).

The delegation kicked off in Jakarta, Indonesia from October 16th to the 20th, and traveled to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam from October 21st to 26th. Mission attendees were briefed on recent trends and prospects for the emerging and developing markets, methods for improving efficiency and ways to meet the demands of new consumer markets. They were also given an insider view of upcoming pipeline projects financed by the multilateral development banks and information on bank strategies to provide for sustainable development – finding the balance between economic growth and the protection of the natural environment that is frequently difficult to obtain in emerging and developing economies. In addition, the program provided a great opportunity for networking and forging contacts and relationships with other key players in international development and environmental protection.

As an emissions-testing firm with experience in international mobilizations, ESS actively pursues opportunities to develop relationships with international organizations, in the private sector as well as the multilateral development banks such as the IDB and ADB, and the program provided a great opportunity to develop strategies in moving forward.

Mr. Looney, upon completion of the mission, said: “The World Bank PSLO Mission to Indonesia and Vietnam has given us the chance to interact, within a small group setting, with many potential business partners in these target markets, including government agencies and regional business representatives. When developing relationships and opportunities within international and developing markets, an opportunity for personal interaction is invaluable. In two weeks in this mission, we feel that we have learned more about the market and its inner workings than could have been learned remotely in two years or more.”

Read the original PSLO/World Bank Press Release.

Also learn more about common challenges and solutions found with international projects and mobilizations.

 

Contact:

 

Mark Looney
Environmental Source Samplers, Inc.
436 Raleigh Street
Wilmington, N.C., 28412
910-799-1055
[email protected]
http://www.ESSKnowsAir.com

 

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ESS Announces Successful Completion of Industrial Air Testing Project in the Dominican Republic

The successful completion of an international stack testing project in the Dominican Republic by Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS) has led directly to a new air testing contract for ESS  in Port Au Prince, Haiti.  The project in Haiti was awarded and mobilized within a four day timeframe.

 

Wilmington, N.C., September 2012 — Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS), an established leader in emissions testing both domestic and internationally, today announced a successful conclusion to an air-testing project at a power facility in San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic.

The power company is a client that ESS has performed stack testing services for in prior years, the last project completed in December of 2006. ESS has multiple clients in the Dominican Republic, and often performs work in the Caribbean, on average at least once a year. ESS mobilized a three-man crew from September 5th through 12th, 2012.

The project purpose was in-house engineering analysis for quality control and quality assurance, and to demonstrate compliance with emissions requirements as stipulated by the International Development Bank (IDB). ESS utilized USEPA 40 CFR Part 60 methodologies for all sampling requirements at the facility in San Pedro.

In addition to the successful completion of this project, ESS realized benefits in networking that will be invaluable in future endeavors into the Dominican and its neighboring country. Several contacts made during the course of the project have already led to further planned projects, and ESS personnel will be mobilizing to another power facility to perform sampling in Port Au Prince, Haiti, in the following week. The Haiti mobilization presents the challenge of a severely truncated lead and planning time. ESS was initially contacted regarding the project on Thursday, September 21st, awarded the work on Friday, September 22nd, and is planning to mobilize no later than Monday, September 24th.

Such needs for quick response and flexibility in operations are frequently the case in air-testing projects both domestic and international. Changes in project scope and requirements, late additions to air-testing needs and late changes in schedule are a common occurrence, but without preparation and experience these common occurrences can become extreme difficulties when mobilizing internationally. ESS has the competitive advantage of experience, drawn from international projects conducted in such locations as Hong Kong, the Dominican Republic, Hungary, and other points in Europe. The ESS network of reputable vendors and service providers help drive projects to completion within the required timeline and budget.

Founded in 1979, ESS has been performing industrial air quality testing since that time, and has developed into a leader within the field. ESS utilizes modern, consistently maintained equipment to conduct its stack testing services throughout the U.S. and abroad. They are qualified to conduct a wide range of EPA test methodologies among various air emissions sources and industries. ESS clients have easy access to the reliable and accurate reporting of stack test results through a secure online client portal.

For more information about ESS, please visit their company website at http://www.ESSKnowsAir.com and their blog at http://35.172.115.254.
Contact:

Brian Mellor
Environmental Source Samplers, Inc.
436 Raleigh Street
Wilmington, N.C., 28412
910-799-1055
[email protected]
http://www.ESSKnowsAir.com

 

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Related Posts:

ESS Announces Successful Conclusion to Hungary Emissions Testing Project
Environmental Source Samplers (ESS) to Mobilize to Hungary
Environmental Source Samplers (ESS) Announces Successful Completion of International Stack Testing Project in Hong Kong
International Stack Testing – Challenges and Solutions

New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Emissions Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incineration (SSI) Units

Stack Testing for Air Quality ControlHistory of NSPS and Emissions Guidelines for SSI Units

On Feburary 21, 2011, the Environmental Protection Agency finalized new source performance standards (NSPS) and emissions guidelines for new and existing sewage sludge incineration (SSI) units. The rule, per the EPA research is expected to impact 204 units currently in operation. This rule is one of the many new standards for units that emit pollutants under the MACT (Maximum Achievable Control Technology) Standards, and was enacted under Section 129 of the Clean Air Act (See also: New RICE Rules for MACT Standards and Compliance.)

The purpose of the rule is to reduce emissions of a number of toxic air pollutants, also known as hazardous air pollutants, that are known or suspected of causing cancer and other serious health benefits.

On April 27, 2012, the EPA issued a Denial of Reconsideration Petitions for the Final Rule.

Affected SSI Units

An SSI unit is an incinerator or combustion device that is used to burn dewatered sewage sludge. The units are typically owned by municipalities, and located at wastewater treatment facilities. They come in two primary types. The first – Multiple Hearth – covers over 80 percent of the identified SSI units. The other units are Fluidized Bed combustors. Most of the affected units are in the Eastern parts of the United States, with the largest number of facilities in New York, Pennsylvania, and Michigan. There are a significant number on the West Coast as well. Units incinerating sludge at other types of facilities, such as commercial, industrial, and institutional, will be covered under different air pollution incineration standards.

Sewage Sludge Treatment Plants are regulated under 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart O, as well as 40 CFR Part 61, Subparts C and E. The new source performance standards for these units have been promulgated under Subpart LLLL, and the Emission Guidelines themselves are promulgated under Subpart MMMM. The EPA estimates that of the 204 active SSI units, 155 are currently meeting these emission limits, and forty will need to install one or more air pollution control device.

Regulated Pollutants for SSI

The following table lists the Regulated Pollutant, the unit of measurement for emission limits, and the Emission Limit itself for both Multiple Hearth and Fluidized Bed Incinerators.

Pollutant

Units

Emission Limit for MH Incinerators

Emission Limit for FB Incinerators

Cadmium

mg/DSCM @7% O2

0.095

0.0016

Carbon Monixde

ppmvd @7% O2

3,800

64

Hydrochloride

ppmvd @7% O2

1.2

0.51

Mercury

mg/DSCM @7% O2

0.28

0.037

Oxides of Nitrogen

ppmvd @7% O2

220

150

Lead

mg/DSCM @7% O2

0.30

0.0074

Dioxins/Furans, Total Equivalency Quality

ng/dscm @7% O2 (TEQ)

0.32

0.10

Dioxins/Furans, Total Mass Basis

ng/dscm @7% O2 (TMB)

5.0

1.2

Particulate Matter

mg/DSCM @7% O2

80

18

Sulfur Dioxide

ppmvd @7% O2

26

15

 

Measuring Emissions

To measure and quantify the emission rates for these pollutants, it is typically necessary to do an Emissions Sampling Program, or Stack Test, conducted by a qualified and accredited stack testing organization. The EPA has reference methods for quantifying emissions for each regulated pollutant, and the testing must be done in accordance with those methods. The methods in question can be found on the EPA website.

Mercury Emissions and the Ontario Hydro Method

Mercury (Hg) is one of the strictly regulated pollutants. Mercury has been shown through research to adversely affect developing brains in children, including detrimental effects on IQ, learning, and memory. However, controlling mercury emissions can be tricky, dependent on what form the Mercury takes in the emission from the stack. There are two primary types: Oxidized and Particle-Bound, and the control devices associated with controlling those two types are different. For that reason, during stack testing to determine existing emissions, many owners of SSI units elect to perform a special Mercury Speciation test, utilizing ASTM Ontario Hydro Method. The data taken from this sampling can be used to determine the best approach to further controlling emissions for that specific stack.

Sludge and Scrubber Water Analysis

Many facilities often undertake fuel analysis on the sludge feedstock itself, to determine the base level of pollutants in the sludge prior to being incinerated. These measurements can be utilized to determine the current effectiveness of emissions controls.

About Environmental Source Samplers, Inc. (ESS)

ESS has some of the most experienced SSI test crews in the country. In the last six months, ESS has conducted this nearly identical test series for SSIs at multiple municipal facilities in Virginia, Ohio, and New York.  All test series have been completed on-time and on budget. ESS has a history of working with chief WWTP consultants that extends back to 1990, and has partnered with some of the leading experts on SSI in the nation. Our experience in some of the more exacting methodologies required by the SSI test program is unsurpassed in this industry.

ESS Announces Successful Conclusion to Hungary Emissions Testing Project

Environmental Source Samplers, Inc.Environmental Source Samplers, Inc, (ESS), a leader in emissions testing worldwide, announces the completion of an air testing project at an Ethanol Plant in Hungary.  ESS is making great strides with their experience and expertise in international stack testing.

Wilmington, N.C., June 2012 — Environmental Source Samplers, Inc., an established leader in emissions testing both domestic and internationally, today announced a successful conclusion to an air-testing project at an Ethanol Plant in Dunafoldvar, Hungary.

The Hungarian based client contacted ESS after discovering an ESS blog post, International Stack Testing – Challenges and Solutions, in which ESS staff discussed some of the special circumstances and potential challenges that are encountered while conducting stack testing outside of the domestic USA.

The project was for the purpose of verifying vendor guarantees for a newly-installed boiler system and scrubber control device, for a regimen of pollutants that included Particulate Matter and Gaseous Emissions. ESS also provided multiple days of on-site monitoring with real-time results for engineering purposes as the Facility staff made adjustments for process optimization and tuning. ESS utilized USEPA and ISO methodologies; EPA and MCERT approved analyzers (European Union approved for emissions measurements in Europe); and provided the Facility a number of protocol blend gas bottles for the sampling project.

As is frequently the case in air-testing projects both domestic and international, the project required flexibility in operations. Changes in project scope and requirements, late additions to air-testing needs and late changes in schedule are a common occurrence, but without preparation and experience these common occurrences can become extreme difficulties when mobilizing internationally. ESS utilized its experience, drawn from international projects conducted in such places as Hong Kong, Dominican Republic and other points in Europe. The ESS network of reputable vendors and service providers helped drive this project to completion within the required timeline and budget.

Founded in 1979, ESS has been performing industrial air quality testing since that time, and has developed into a leader within the field. ESS utilizes modern, consistently maintained equipment to conduct its stack testing services throughout the U.S. and abroad. They are qualified to conduct a wide range of EPA test methodologies among various air emissions sources and industries. ESS clients have easy access to the reliable and accurate reporting of stack test results through a secure online client portal.

For more information about Environmental Source Samplers, Inc., visit their website at http://www.ESSKnowsAir.com and their blog at http://35.172.115.254.

 

Contact:

Brian Mellor
Environmental Source Samplers, Inc.
436 Raleigh Street
Wilmington, N.C., 28412
910-799-1055
[email protected]
http://www.ESSKnowsAir.com

 

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New RICE Rules for MACT Standards and Compliance

The new RICE NESHAP (National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants) rules affect engines used for generators, pumps, compressors, and other common plant equipment, as part of the larger Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards. The requirements’ full compliance date is May 3, 2013, for diesel (CI) engines and October 19, 2013, for gasoline and natural gas (SI) engines. However, the startup, shutdown, and malfunction (SSM) requirements have been applicable since the rule effective dates of May 3, 2010, and October 19, 2010, respectively.

The federal Clean Air Act has severe penalties for non-compliance, including costly fines and criminal penalties. Nearly 1 million existing, stationary diesel engines are affected by new federal air quality rules, in addition to more than 300,000 gasoline, propane, and natural gas engines.

Subpart ZZZZ establishes national emission limitations and operating limitations for hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emitted from stationary reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE) located at major and area sources of HAP emissions. This subpart also establishes requirements to demonstrate initial and continuous compliance with the emission limitations and operating limitations.

  • Covers Reciprocal Internal Combustion Engines (RICE units)
  • Affected RICE units
    • Area source engines
    • Major source engines with site rating of less than 500 horsepower
  • New units MUST comply within 180 days of construction.
  • Compliance can be met in two ways
    • Certification from the manufacturer
    • Develop a maintenance plan and conduct emission testing
Check your applicability with this online tool: RICE RuleFor existing units, compliance dates can be variable, so we recommend that you download the excel sheet linked here: Compliance Dates for Various Sources

 

Environmental Source Samplers (ESS) specializes in stack testing and source testing for a wide range of industries and sources.  They are experienced in EPA test methodologies and stay up-to-date on new rules and compliance regulations.  Contact ESS today to learn more: (910) 799-1055 .

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